Chemical
ammunition

KC 50 Bomb
GERMAN CHEMICAL AERIAL BOMB
There is little information on this bomb in the available sources.
The fill includedsulfur mustard or adamsite.
The bomb was equipped with high-sensitive fuse.
The average radius of contaminated area totals 20 meters from the explosion area.

The main body is a simple seamless steel 50-kg tube with a welded cast steel nose.
A round hole in thebomb wall, usually providing access to the fuse pocket, is covered with a steel plug welded flush with the bomb wall.The base is mounted to the main body with eight screws.The fuse is mounted above the central hole with four brackets welded to the fuse andto the base plug.

This is an incendiary bomb and caneasily be recognized by the markings and characteristic air holes at the back of the bomb.There are several types of this bomb which differ mainly in the construction of outlet hole in the tail and the bomb head.
The weight of chemical agent totalled ca. 14 kg of adamsite or 19 kg of sulfur mustard.

KC 250 Bomb
GERMAN CHEMICAL AERIAL BOMB
All 250-kilogram German chemical bombs used identical casings.The fill, markings and fuses were different.
The casing included a section to which a round nosesection and a steel tail section were welded. There was only one fuse pocket. The central exploder tube ran the full length of the case. The wall thickness totalled 0.16 cm. The standard eye bolt may have been screwed into the side or nose for suspension.The tail was 54.61 cm long and 60.96 cm wide and was made of steel sheet.Four steel vaneswere mounted directly to the tail cone.

The entire bomb was 163.83 cm long with 36.83 cm in diameter.

The main agent included (of different types):
– mustard gas,
– tabun,
– T-stoff,
– phosgene,

The fill weight totalled ca. 100 kg.

75-mm artillery shells
MORTAR SHELL
A series of lethal mortar bombs, called D Mines, was filled with pure phosgene (D-Stoff),and differed from the earlier CMines mainly in that there was no separate container for the fill.

The entire shell weighted 4.54 kilograms with 0.65 kilogram of chemical agent.

The fill also included:
– mustard gas,
– bromoacetone,

105-mm artillery shells
MORTAR SHELL

The 105-mm chemical artillery shells were available in various types and models

The cartridge length totalled ca. 50 cm with thefuse and ca. 45 cm without the fuse.The case may have been made of copper-plated steel, uncoated steel, or black steel.

Due to significant diversity of construction, the parameters were significantly different.
The CWA content in the shell varied from 0.5 to 1.5 kg

Apart from the mustard gas, in the shells nearly all chemical warfare agents were used..

150-mm artillery shells
MORTAR SHELL

The 150-mm chemical artillery shells were available in various types and models

The cartridgelength totalled ca. 70 cm with the fuse and ca. 60 cm without thefuse.
Due to significant diversity of construction, the parameters were significantly different.
The CWA content in the shell varied from 1.5 to 5 kg.

Apart from the mustard gas, in the shells nearly all chemical warfare agents were used
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